"The newest sets of viruses software are made individually for every type of target, on the basis of unique features of attacked machines. The virus is spread by target attacks on computers by sending an electronic message, containing a malicious attachment, or by visiting a website, or by using in-built tools in the operating system, like re-route Windows update. As the software gets inside the system, it launches necessary modules and becomes able to intercept the network traffic, listen to it, make screenshots, turn on web cameras and PC microphones, mobile devices, to record audio and video files, and it also reports the victims keystrokes, showing everything that he or she types, and so forth."
These viruses are quite common and many are infected without knowing.
CYBERTERRORISM is the use of modern communication technology in the commission of terrorist activities. Although not strictly limited to the Internet (since there are military/corporate/private computer networks that can be attacked), there is still a strong bias toward using the Internet to exercise or exemplify (for others) the concept of cyberterrorism. Cyberterrorism does not have a single definition: In some instances, it refers to use of the Internet to disrupt information systems by formal, recognized terrorist organizations. In other instances, cyber-terrorism refers to Internet use by recognized governments that may be seen as supporting or encouraging terrorist activities. When states launch attacks using the Internet, it is usually referred to as cyber-warfare. Sometimes cyberterrorism refers strictly to activities carried out by organizations, other times to activities carried out by individuals pursuing a common goal but without a formal organization. Cyberterrorism may refer to activities executed across international borders or within a single country. Cyberterrorists go beyond the law and the general norms of the countries they attack to accomplish a political agenda agreed on by only a small minority within the country, and with which the majority of the country usually disagrees. Cyber-terrorism is undertaken through such avenues as worms, viruses, and back-doors and has several important purposes for which it is undertaken, including extortion, the creation of economic disruption, and identity theft. The actual use of the Internet in cyberterrorism ranges from preparative acts to propaganda to carrying out an act of terrorism. Preparative acts of cyberterrorism include buying airline tickets, researching building plans, and acquiring weapons. Propaganda acts of cyberterrorism are generally limited to exhorting potential recruits into joining terrorist organizations and exhorting sympathizers to contribute money and resources. Carrying out acts of cyberterrorism on the Internet is generally limited to deluging opponents with threats or attacking computers and networks.
Most cyberterrorism acts are international in nature.
Many groups recruit from and are active in a number of countries, and try to change the international activities of a specific country. Individuals within one country, or a small number of countries, use cyberterrorism to try to exact vengeance against another country for a perceived affront against either their homeland or their own social group. Rebels fighting within one country, but who actually live and work outside of the country, use the Internet to continue fighting against the government of the country through correspondence and recruitment and propaganda activities. This last situation usually occurs when a demographically identifiable group within a country fights for independence from that country or for equal or special rights. This does not negate the existence of cyberterrorist activities by groups within a single country.
As a result of the frequently international nature of cyberterrorism, many countries have started working together to combat it. Governments trying to stop cyberterrorism have used a combination of tools. Whenever possible, existing laws have been applied in the combat to stop cyberterrorism. For example, purchasing illegal weapons on the Internet equates to purchasing illegal weapons in person or through other means. There are also specific treaties aimed at halting cyberterrorism internationally. The creator of malware (malignant software) is no longer punished solely according to the laws of the country of residence. Now, when malware goes international, the country that either suffered the most damage or has the harshest punishment, depending on the specifics of the treaty being applied, issues the punishment. Law enforcement agencies and sometimes militaries, from several countries, are now working much more closely, when pursuing cyberterrorists.
Even though the respective governments often get the blame when this happens, complete total evidence or proof of this type of government-related cyberterrorism or cyberwarfare, is not exactly available to the public right now, but it comes very close to be able, to really be proven in a court process. The biggest problem is that the perpetrators and offenders are in a nation, other than that exposed to the cyberattacks, and the fact that they are sometimes ordered to commit these crimes by their superiors. And therefore they get protected by their respective governments at all levels. And of course, we are referring to the perpetrating country's own aces, the 'morality law-bending' decision-makers that are protecting their decisions and friends in their political group. Although their actions probably may also be illegal even in their own country, they continue!
-To round things up a little bit, for you!
-When internet freaks or wiz-kid youngsters practice minor forms of cyber-terrorism, alone or together in a group, and try to become so-called 'hackers', it' s publicly often referred to the term hactivism, or the little longer, computer hacking as activism.
The Different Techniques
(Used to commit cyber related crimes, cyber attacks and cyber realted threats):
[The Type and description follows below]
The name comes from “freak” but with the f replaced by ph as in phone. The verb “phreaking” describes hacking phone systems.
The history of phreaking is very important for the general development of hacking.
Sending unsolicited commercial e-mail advertising for products, services, and Web sites. Spam can also be used as a delivery mechanism for malware and other cyber threats.
A high-tech scam that frequently uses spam or pop-up messages to deceive people into disclosing their credit card numbers, bank account information, Social Security numbers, passwords, or other sensitive information. Internet scammers use e-mail baits, among other things, to “phish” for passwords and financial data from the big sea of Internet users.
Creating a fraudulent Web site to mimic an actual, well-known Web site run by another group, organisation or criminal party.
Occurs when the sender address and other parts of an e-mail header are altered to appear as though the e-mail originated from a different source. Spoofing hides the origin of an e-mail message.
A method used by phishers to deceive users into believing that they are communicating with a legitimate Web site. Pharming uses a variety of technical methods to redirect a user to a fraudulent or spoofed Web site when the user types in a legitimate Web address. For example, one pharming technique is to redirect users —without their knowledge—to a different Web site from the one they intended to access. Also, software vulnerabilities may be exploited or malware employed to redirect the user to a fraudulent Web site when the user types in a legitimate address.
An attack in which one user takes up so much of a shared resource that none of the resource is left for other users. Denial-of-service attacks compromise the availability of the website or other resource.
A variant of the denial-of-service attack that uses a coordinated attack from a distributed system of computers rather than from a single source. It often makes use of worms to spread to multiple computers that then can then attack the target together.
A computer program that “infects” other computer files, usually executable programs, by inserting a copy of itself into the original file on the computer. These copies are usually executed when the infected file is loaded into the computers memory, allowing the virus to infect other computer files. A virus requires human involvement or action (who/which mostly is unwitting/unknowing/unintentional) to multiply or propagate itself.
A computer program that conceals harmful code. It usually masquerades as a useful program that a user would wish to execute. Governments are known (by us) to spread this via download sites and torrents.
An independent computer program that reproduces by copying itself from one system to another across a network. Unlike computer viruses, worms do not require human involvement to propagate.
Malicious software designed to carry out annoying or harmful actions. Malware often masquerades as useful programs or is embedded into useful programs so that users are induced into activating them. Malware can include viruses, worms, and spyware.
Malware installed without the user’s knowledge to surreptitiously track and/or transmit data to an unauthorized third party.
A network of remotely controlled systems used to coordinate attacks and distribute malware, spam, and phishing scams.
(Short for “robots”) are programs that are covertly installed on a targeted system allowing an unauthorized user to remotely control the compromised computer for a variety of malicious purposes.
Electronic attacks are sneak attacks on another nations infrastructure.