CIA helped to put Nelson Mandela in jail for 27 years during apartheid in South Africa. We have a Washington Post article scanned about the incident. Apartheid (In South Africa) = A policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race. The South African government segregated education, medical care, beaches, and other public services, and provided black people with services that were inferior (worse) to those of white people. Most things were segregated, like black buses stopped at black bus stops and white buses at white ones. Trains, hospitals and ambulances were segregated. Because of the smaller numbers of white patients and the fact that white doctors preferred to work in white hospitals, conditions in white hospitals were much better than those in often overcrowded and understaffed black hospitals. Blacks could never acquire land in white areas. Blacks were not allowed to buy hard liquor. They were able only to buy state-produced poor quality beer. Public beaches were racially segregated [see sign below]. Public swimming pools, some pedestrian bridges, drive-in cinema parking spaces, graveyards, parks, and public toilets were segregated. Cinemas and theatres in white areas were not allowed to admit blacks. There were practically no cinemas in black areas. Most restaurants and hotels in white areas were not allowed to admit blacks except as staff. Blacks were prohibited from attending white churches under the Churches Native Laws Amendment Act of 1957. The government were contending that a passport was a privilege, not a right, and the government did not grant many passports to blacks.
Many countries around the world protested against this Apartheid, isolating South Africa with embargos etc. Until it stopped in the 1990's with the election of the black man, Nelson Mandela, as president.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela 18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013
A South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black chief executive, and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid through tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconciliation. Politically an African nationalist and democratic socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997.
Working as a lawyer, he was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and, with the ANC leadership, was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the Treason Trial from 1956 to 1961. Influenced by Marxism, he secretly joined the South African Communist Party (SACP). Although initially committed to non-violent protest, in association with the SACP he co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe in 1961, leading a sabotage campaign against the government. In 1962, he was arrested, convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the state, and sentenced to life imprisonment in the Rivonia Trial.
Mandela served 27 years in prison, initially on Robben Island, and later in Pollsmoor Prison and Victor Verster Prison. Amid international pressure and growing fear of a racial civil war, President F. W. de Klerk released him in 1990. Mandela and de Klerk negotiated an end to apartheid and organised the 1994 multiracial elections, in which Mandela led the ANC to victory and became the president of South Africa.
Mandela became an elder statesman, focusing on charitable work in combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the Nelson Mandela Foundation.
Nelson Mandelas signature:
1990 was last time the CIA agent got contacted by media about his involvement in the capture of Mandela 1962.
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